Gold and copper mining has been an active industry in the southwestern United States for over 100 years. While gold miners are still active in the southwest, Arizona has been one of the foremost copper mining areas in the last several years. Gold miners originally searched for gold in the area and ignored the rich reserves of copper. It wasn’t until the early 20th century that copper mines became active in the area.
The Bloody Basin originally got its name from conflicts between Native Americans and the United States army in the area during the late 19th century. No soldiers were killed but many Native Americans died during these conflicts. Today, the area is an active tourist and adventure site but it is still important to gold miners and copper miners. There are still active pockets of precious minerals in the area that area available for claims.
Placer mines are sold to prospective gold miners interested in the Bloody Basin area. Most claims are smaller and range from approximately 20 to 40 acres. Associated placer claims are also available with sizes of up 160 acres and require an additional placer claim for every 20 acres in addition to the associated placer claim. Gold miners can purchase placer claims from companies who have already paid the fees for the initial placer mine. Gold miners and copper miners can also purchase an annual maintenance fee which ensures that they retain the ownership rights to their claim over time.
When gold miners purchase claims, they are purchasing the rights to the precious minerals in the land. They do not own the land itself. This is a common source of confusion because most land transactions don’t work in this way. The land itself is actually owned by the Federal Government and is regulated by the Bureau of Land Management. Gold miners and copper miners can camp out on the site for a designed number of days when they aren’t actively mining. Otherwise, the miners must work with the Bureau of Land Management to plan living temporary living quarters for miners while mining operations are active.